Il analyse les discours de femmes migrantes célibataires au moment de leur migration. Il ressort des discours des femmes que les rapports de genre notamment dans le domaine matrimonial ont fortement façonné leurs projets migratoires. Mots-clés : Migration féminine, jeunes femmes migrantes célibataires, urbanisation, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso.
English Title: Migration of young single women to Ouagadougou: of the pursuit of better living conditions to… the desire for breaking away from unequal gender norms Migration is a demographic phenomenon that contributes significantly to the rapid urbanization of the African continent.
Despite the records of a feminization of migration and multiplication of studies on gender and migration, very little work has focused on single young women motivations to migrate to the capital cities, let alone link these motivations with gender relations.
This paper aims to contribute to a better understanding of the urban explosion faced by African countries. The purpose is to understand what drives single young women to migrate to and settle in Ouagadougou, and how these various motivations are modulated by the gender relations performed in both the places of origin and reception.
The paper draws on qualitative survey data about migrants family strategies in outlying suburbs of Ouagadougou.
It analyses the discourses of migrant women who were single at the time of their migration, in order to ascertain how gender relations structured their migration project and transformed it once in Ouagadougou. If their dominant motive for migrating to Ouagadougou was to gain access to better material living conditions, this was often coupled with both the desire to free oneself from family control, to make more independent choices and to cherche femme ouagadougou a more liberal lifestyle.
Keywords: Female migration, single young women migrants, urbanization, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso.